Expanding the World through Social Development: Your “Wh” Questions: Conversational Social Communicators
After attending this webinar participants will be able to:
1. Determine the needs of their students by utilizing the appropriate social skills
2. Describe strengths and needs of students with conversational social
3. Explain the impact that social skills have on student access to relationships,
education, different environments and quality of life.
4. Design individualized social skills instruction across all environments.
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[00:00:03.567]Hello, my name is Susan Danner.
[00:00:05.662]I'm a Kansas MTSS State Trainer
[00:00:07.855]with the Kansas Technical Assistant System Network's
[00:00:10.797]Multi-Tier System of Supports.
[00:00:13.009]Today, we are going to learn about teaching social skills
[00:00:15.329]to students who are conversational social communicators.
[00:00:18.805]You will have the opportunity
[00:00:20.178]to participate throughout this presentation
[00:00:22.564]and will be able to ask questions at the end.
[00:00:27.734]Staff from TASN in Kansas,
[00:00:29.562]the Colorado Department of Education,
[00:00:31.553]and the Nebraska Department of Education
[00:00:33.780]collaborated to bring you this presentation.
[00:00:38.205]Cara Woundy, Jamie Lewis, Peggy Lawrence, and myself
[00:00:41.071]are excited to share this information
[00:00:43.040]regarding social skills with you today.
[00:00:47.551]After viewing and participating in this presentation,
[00:00:50.489]you should be able to do the following.
[00:00:52.784]Determine the needs of your students by utilizing
[00:00:55.197]the appropriate social skills assessment tools.
[00:00:58.840]Describe strengths and needs of students
[00:01:00.784]with conversational social communication challenges.
[00:01:04.656]Explain the impact that social skills have on student access
[00:01:08.148]to relationships, education, different environments,
[00:01:10.853]and quality of life.
[00:01:12.833]Design individualized social skills instruction
[00:01:15.264]across all environments.
[00:01:18.861]Today, we will talk about the why, who,
[00:01:21.527]what, how, and where to teach social skills
[00:01:24.425]to students who are at the conversational level.
[00:01:29.574]We would like for you to take the following message
[00:01:31.736]away from our time together today.
[00:01:34.330]The social skills curriculum should be a critical part
[00:01:36.848]of each and every day for students with ASD.
[00:01:40.769]The curriculum and activities have to be planned
[00:01:43.095]and implemented with as much consideration,
[00:01:45.863]if not more than math, literacy, and every other area.
[00:01:52.634]Why teach social skills?
[00:01:56.679]Social skills have a direct correlation
[00:01:58.699]to individuals being able to obtain and keep a job,
[00:02:01.904]to finish high school, and pursue higher education.
[00:02:05.557]Research says that individuals with soft skills,
[00:02:08.350]such as good social skills, sociability,
[00:02:11.524]good work habits, and conscientiousness,
[00:02:14.198]as well as those who participate
[00:02:15.762]in extracurricular activities,
[00:02:17.710]are more likely to make more money, be employed,
[00:02:20.994]and attain high levels of education
[00:02:23.249]than those with good grades
[00:02:24.992]and high standardized test scores.
[00:02:29.608]Here are some common social skills deficits.
[00:02:32.495]As we go through these, try to think of a student
[00:02:34.719]with whom you work or have worked
[00:02:36.853]who might have one or more of these difficulties.
[00:02:39.538]Difficulty with nonverbal behaviors,
[00:02:41.602]such as eye-to-eye gaze,
[00:02:43.241]making appropriate facial expressions
[00:02:45.521]and reading facial expressions accurately,
[00:02:48.090]body posture, and gestures.
[00:02:50.772]Developing and maintaining peer relationships
[00:02:53.516]are an area of difficulty.
[00:02:55.844]A lack of spontaneous seeking to share enjoyment,
[00:02:58.493]their interests, and achievements with others.
[00:03:01.123]A lack of social and emotional reciprocity,
[00:03:03.720]meaning that there is no give and take
[00:03:05.387]when faced with social and emotional situations with peers.
[00:03:11.127]Here are some social characteristics of students with ASD.
[00:03:16.518]you have probably heard that around 93%
[00:03:18.667]of communication is nonverbal.
[00:03:20.653]Think about how difficult it would be
[00:03:22.141]to read and understand a story
[00:03:23.812]if you could only see or understand 7% of it.
[00:03:29.078]this is when a student initiates play
[00:03:30.872]or a conversation with a peer or adult.
[00:03:35.658]the ability to give and take in a social situation.
[00:03:40.683]the ability to understand the social situation.
[00:03:46.241]This is our first opportunity for you to participate.
[00:03:49.501]Raise your hand if this sounds like a student
[00:03:51.637]with whom you have worked.
[00:03:53.486]Think about the specific areas of difficulty
[00:03:55.804]that the student has had
[00:03:57.360]and how that impacts their daily life.
[00:04:02.073]Moving on to our next WH question,
[00:04:04.828]who should receive social skills instruction?
[00:04:09.416]Here are some characteristics of people who are
[00:04:11.346]at the conversational level for social communication.
[00:04:14.524]As we go through this list, think about a student
[00:04:16.769]with whom you have worked that meets this criteria,
[00:04:19.595]generally well-developed social radar,
[00:04:25.970]lack perception of subtleties,
[00:04:28.217]less attune to nonverbal,
[00:04:32.150]blenders and faders with anxiety,
[00:04:34.709]function under the radar,
[00:04:36.135]avoid social situations outside home.
[00:04:40.822]Here we have listed some strengths and challenges
[00:04:42.964]that an early conversation social communicator may have.
[00:04:46.298]Some strengths are average to above average verbal skills,
[00:04:49.845]average to above average IQ,
[00:04:52.213]may be very bright in areas of special interest
[00:04:54.779]and global knowledge,
[00:04:56.376]language, and solid academic skills.
[00:04:59.811]Some challenges are executive functioning,
[00:05:04.518]may monopolize or withdraw if not interested,
[00:05:09.229]may isolate with books or avoid group work,
[00:05:12.682]adults may see as charming
[00:05:14.185]and struggle to recognize difficulties,
[00:05:18.186]and may have a high risk of OCD, depression, or anxiety.
[00:05:24.955]Which one of the following are characteristics of a student
[00:05:27.873]who is at the conversational level of social communication?
[00:05:31.246]A, Average to above average IQ,
[00:05:34.707]B, Sensory problems,
[00:05:37.021]C, Understands the perspective of others,
[00:05:42.036]or E, All of the above.
[00:05:46.768]The answer is all of the above.
[00:05:48.888]Students at the conversational social communication level
[00:05:51.657]often have sensory problems and can be easily bullied.
[00:05:55.355]They also have the ability to see things
[00:05:57.120]from other people's perspective,
[00:05:58.941]and have an average or above average IQ.
[00:06:04.036]What should we assess and teach?
[00:06:09.495]These are some examples of assessments
[00:06:11.199]that you can use to identify areas of strength and need.
[00:06:14.725]Notice that many of them are free,
[00:06:16.190]such as the TRIAD Social Skills Assessment
[00:06:18.692]and the Autism Social Skills Profile.
[00:06:23.206]When we are talking about students who have skills
[00:06:25.158]at the conversational social communication level,
[00:06:27.675]they typically have these skills.
[00:06:29.492]Well-developed language skills,
[00:06:31.301]uses vocabulary that is age appropriate,
[00:06:33.966]might interpret language literally,
[00:06:36.504]less attune to nonverbal communication,
[00:06:39.033]self-regulation is a struggle,
[00:06:40.983]and may not accurately interpret others' expressions.
[00:06:46.876]We need to make sure that we are teaching the skills
[00:06:49.089]that are important for our students to have
[00:06:51.337]in order to be successful in school, postgraduate programs,
[00:06:54.726]and in the community.
[00:06:56.133]These are some of the critical skills
[00:06:57.580]that we need to be sure and teach.
[00:06:59.445]Remember that we don't just teach these skills,
[00:07:01.687]we give opportunities to practice in multiple settings.
[00:07:04.703]The critical skills that we have identified are as follows,
[00:07:12.531]communicating their wants and needs,
[00:07:14.893]verbal and nonverbal communication,
[00:07:17.164]Gestalt thinking or the big picture,
[00:07:19.879]and the ability to think flexibly.
[00:07:24.600]True or false,
[00:07:26.101]understanding verbal and nonverbal communication
[00:07:28.867]is a critical social skill that students need
[00:07:31.196]to have in their repertoire.
[00:07:35.602]The answer is true.
[00:07:37.062]It is important for our students to learn how
[00:07:39.040]to understand both verbal and nonverbal communication.
[00:07:45.685]How can we teach social skills?
[00:07:50.649]There are three general types of intervention ideas
[00:07:52.835]that we have listed here.
[00:07:54.404]The first intervention idea is called direct instruction.
[00:07:57.328]This means that we directly teach the skills
[00:07:59.240]that we want the student or students to learn.
[00:08:02.023]The second one is generalization of skills.
[00:08:04.382]We teach the skills that we want the students to demonstrate
[00:08:07.222]and then help them use these newly acquired skills
[00:08:09.381]in different environments.
[00:08:11.249]The third idea is developing peer awareness.
[00:08:13.645]Not only do we want students to have the skills
[00:08:15.677]to use them in different settings,
[00:08:17.929]students need to be aware of how their behavior
[00:08:19.889]and actions impact their peers and be able
[00:08:22.397]to understand their peers' behavior and communication.
[00:08:25.347]We are going to talk more about these
[00:08:26.923]and more specific interventions
[00:08:28.654]as we move forward in this presentation.
[00:08:33.660]Scott Bellini believes that there is no one method
[00:08:36.298]to teach social skills that works
[00:08:37.922]for all students all the time.
[00:08:40.456]Evidence shows that many approaches can be effective.
[00:08:43.905]There are many interventions, books, articles,
[00:08:46.530]and strategies out there.
[00:08:48.427]It is important to choose what works for your student needs.
[00:08:51.511]Another important thing to remember is
[00:08:53.100]that no matter what curricula you choose,
[00:08:55.708]our students need to be taught these skills directly.
[00:08:58.958]Scott Bellini uses video modeling,
[00:09:01.109]and Jed Baker uses do and don't pictures.
[00:09:04.294]Michelle Garcia Winner takes an area
[00:09:06.621]of teaching social skills beyond basics
[00:09:08.853]and teaches the thinking behind social interactions.
[00:09:14.985]There are four areas of interventions
[00:09:16.651]that we have identified,
[00:09:18.424]regulation strategies, relationships,
[00:09:21.104]Social Narratives, and social skills groups.
[00:09:24.088]We have listed some materials that we have found helpful
[00:09:26.559]when teaching social skills to our students.
[00:09:32.434]The three strategies that we have found useful
[00:09:34.549]for teaching self-regulation are
[00:09:36.532]The Incredible 5‑Point Scale,
[00:09:38.479]Alert Program, and Zones of Regulation.
[00:09:41.436]Let's learn more about these strategies.
[00:09:46.399]The Incredible 5‑Point Scale helps students identify
[00:09:49.228]how they are feeling and problem solve
[00:09:51.369]to find ways to deal with how they are feeling.
[00:09:54.368]The program helps students identify
[00:09:56.074]individualized strategies that they can use.
[00:09:59.046]You can see from this example
[00:10:00.800]that this student individualized their scale
[00:10:03.406]to match how they might be feeling.
[00:10:05.712]When this student is feeling like they are a four,
[00:10:07.747]for example, they can look at their visual here
[00:10:10.348]and see that the task is difficult for them
[00:10:12.958]and they are going to need help.
[00:10:14.744]You could also add pictures to this
[00:10:16.447]to help prompt the student as to what action they can take.
[00:10:20.081]For example, you might add a picture
[00:10:22.078]of a student with their hand raised next to the four.
[00:10:25.276]This reminds the student that they can raise their hand
[00:10:27.662]to ask for help if the task is difficult for them.
[00:10:33.773]The Alert Program helps students become more aware
[00:10:36.432]of their self-regulation.
[00:10:38.353]An engine analogy is used.
[00:10:40.274]And a visual is presented with the question,
[00:10:42.907]how is your engine running?
[00:10:44.871]The options are too low, just right, or too high.
[00:10:48.919]You can also use colors or animals.
[00:10:51.590]You could also use a student's special interest,
[00:10:53.836]such as Winnie the Pooh.
[00:10:55.580]Tigger might stand for too high,
[00:10:57.666]Eeyore might stand for too low,
[00:10:59.733]and Pooh for just right.
[00:11:04.618]Zones of Regulation help teach self-regulation
[00:11:07.383]and emotional control.
[00:11:09.064]It categorizes how the student might feel into four zones,
[00:11:12.714]blue, green, yellow, and red.
[00:11:15.803]The strategy helps students to become more aware
[00:11:18.805]and able to control their emotions,
[00:11:21.069]manage their sensory needs,
[00:11:22.626]and improve their ability to problem solve.
[00:11:28.024]Social Thinking is a strategy that we have found useful
[00:11:30.909]for teaching about relationships.
[00:11:33.230]Superflex uses characters
[00:11:34.789]to help students learn about their behavior
[00:11:37.317]and strategies to help them learn how
[00:11:39.077]to regulate themselves.
[00:11:40.753]Students are typically very engaged in this program.
[00:11:46.427]Social Narratives can be helpful for students as well.
[00:11:49.544]You can use Social Stories, Power Cards,
[00:11:51.838]Social Behavior Mapping, Social Autopsies, or Story Kit.
[00:11:55.783]All of these are strategies to use
[00:11:57.475]when you want to teach the behavior that is appropriate.
[00:12:03.475]Social groups are a great way to teach
[00:12:05.504]and practice social skills.
[00:12:07.345]This is a format to use
[00:12:08.689]when creating your lesson plans for the group.
[00:12:11.398]Have a warm-up activity.
[00:12:13.204]You might have each student check in
[00:12:15.518]on a general five-point scale.
[00:12:17.440]This is a good way for you
[00:12:18.618]to take the temperature of the group,
[00:12:20.226]so you know how to interact with the students
[00:12:22.180]and better meet their needs that day.
[00:12:24.301]You also have the opportunity
[00:12:25.775]to learn more about your students when you do this.
[00:12:28.502]Next, introduce your topic for the day, and teach the skill.
[00:12:31.953]Then, model the behavior or skill,
[00:12:34.088]and allow students an opportunity to practice.
[00:12:36.888]Be sure to coach them, provide feedback,
[00:12:39.581]and help them problem solve if necessary.
[00:12:42.410]A great way to end the group is
[00:12:43.989]with free time or snack time.
[00:12:46.113]I have found that ending a social skills group
[00:12:48.233]with a short, interactive game to be wonderful.
[00:12:51.198]Students are essentially forced to use their social skills
[00:12:54.277]but in a fun way.
[00:12:55.623]It also gives you the opportunity
[00:12:57.218]to have those teachable moments that we all love.
[00:13:02.542]Here are some reasons why
[00:13:03.651]social skills programs are ineffective,
[00:13:08.226]contrived and de-contextualized settings,
[00:13:11.617]failure to match skill deficit
[00:13:13.597]with the type of intervention strategy,
[00:13:16.061]failure to assess social skills
[00:13:17.726]prior to implementing the intervention,
[00:13:20.346]use of ambiguous intervention objectives,
[00:13:23.212]lack of systematic programming,
[00:13:25.412]and poorly implemented interventions.
[00:13:27.878]We can avoid all these
[00:13:28.977]by thoroughly assessing our students' needs,
[00:13:30.957]planning for instruction,
[00:13:32.200]and implementing interventions with fidelity.
[00:13:37.128]When teaching a social skills group,
[00:13:38.874]you should do the following.
[00:13:40.591]A, Assess student needs,
[00:13:43.089]B, Create daily lesson plans,
[00:13:45.832]C, Provide direct instruction,
[00:13:48.380]D, Allow time for students
[00:13:50.375]to practice their newly learned skills,
[00:13:52.752]or E, All of the above.
[00:13:57.127]If you answered all of the above, you're correct.
[00:14:00.316]Just like when we are teaching a math skill,
[00:14:02.249]we always assess student needs, create lesson plans,
[00:14:05.904]teach the skill directly to the students,
[00:14:08.233]and give them time to practice their skills.
[00:14:10.771]Students need all of this to learn social skills, too.
[00:14:16.510]Where do we teach social skills?
[00:14:20.978]Within these four areas of intervention,
[00:14:22.787]we have identified strategies that can be used
[00:14:25.106]to help teach and generalize skills.
[00:14:27.702]Within regulation strategies,
[00:14:29.609]one can use visual supports with the student,
[00:14:31.862]such as The Incredible 5‑Point Scale.
[00:14:34.205]For relationships, training staff and students is key.
[00:14:38.070]When using Social Narratives as an intervention,
[00:14:40.514]you might use a Power Card
[00:14:41.895]to prime the student before they transition
[00:14:44.066]to an undesired or difficult activity.
[00:14:47.638]And when using social skills groups as an intervention,
[00:14:50.323]you could set up a lunch group
[00:14:51.860]to give students an opportunity to practice skills
[00:14:54.548]that they have learned with their peers.
[00:14:59.001]Developing peer awareness is a key component
[00:15:01.356]in social skills.
[00:15:02.663]Creating a peer network through the use
[00:15:04.389]of Circle of Friends or Intricate Mind videos
[00:15:07.115]can be great for our students.
[00:15:09.209]Circle of Friends is a program that focuses
[00:15:11.258]on including students with disabilities.
[00:15:13.766]Intricate Mind videos are aimed
[00:15:15.367]at helping peers understand other peers' differences.
[00:15:19.104]Developing peer-mediated interventions,
[00:15:21.315]such as lunch groups, peer buddies, or structured recess,
[00:15:24.930]can also be beneficial,
[00:15:26.532]especially when we want our students
[00:15:28.290]to generalize their skills.
[00:15:30.391]When using a strategy like structured recess, for example,
[00:15:33.532]you may have a good opportunity to do some video modeling.
[00:15:38.844]This is a video of a girl named Kaede.
[00:15:41.276]She has autism, and this is a good example
[00:15:43.826]of why we need to teach social skills
[00:15:45.742]and help students generalize the skills that they learn.
[00:15:48.918]As you watch this clip,
[00:15:50.175]think about what you might focus on
[00:15:52.111]when teaching Kaede social skills.
[00:16:01.357]She is a first-grader,
[00:16:03.765]and she is smart.
[00:16:05.664]She's, most of the time, cooperative in class,
[00:16:08.491]gets her work done.
[00:16:09.636]Who can tell me so far what the story was about?
[00:16:13.788]Hey, I had that one!
Hey, don't take
all of everything!
[00:16:18.180]All the jump ropes are gone now.
Can I borrow the ball?
[00:16:21.853]an exercise in frustration.
[00:16:23.726]Can I borrow the ball?
[00:16:25.309]Try as she might,
[00:16:26.956]she just can't seem to click with the other kids.
[00:16:30.577]Annaka, can I borrow your ball?
[00:16:34.158]You can't just take it for a second.
[00:16:36.416]It is heartbreaking to see,
[00:16:39.552]and heartbreaking for her mom, Kristi,
[00:16:41.896]to know this is what happens.
[00:16:44.245]She's been very sad lately because a lot of the kids,
[00:16:48.374]they have their own, kind of, set play as a group.
[00:16:51.438]You're not supposed to have that!
[00:16:52.926]And it's not that these kids are being mean,
[00:16:55.100]in a way, they're being quite patient because
[00:16:57.036]something about how Kaede approaches play,
[00:16:59.844]it's easy to be turned off.
[00:17:03.391]She has difficulty engaging properly with other peers.
[00:17:07.392]She needs them to do things her way,
[00:17:11.532]You're not supposed to have that!
[00:17:15.955]And kids aren't able to that.
[00:17:18.374]And while this perhaps looks like nothing more
[00:17:20.891]than a little girl having a bad day and
[00:17:23.472]she'll get over it, it actually takes someone
[00:17:26.167]who has seen a lot children with autism
[00:17:28.999]to recognize that what's happening with Kaede is autism.
[00:17:34.003]Does the situation in the video clip remind you
[00:17:36.311]of a student with whom you have worked?
[00:17:38.771]Raise your hand if you can identify one strategy
[00:17:41.387]from this webinar that you might use with Kaede.
[00:17:45.777]Thank you for joining us today.
[00:17:47.458]Feel free to email me with any questions that you may have.
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