September is here and thus fall is here! Most pests reach their maximum population levels around August or September, and their favorite places to escape the heat of the summer sun or the oncoming winter cold are homes.
icon search Searchable Transcript
Toggle between list and paragraph view.
[00:00:00.711]This is Amy Timmerman with
this week’s Extension update.
[00:00:04.202]September is here and thus fall is here!
[00:00:06.882]Most pests reach their maximum population
levels around August or September,
[00:00:11.602]and their favorite places to escape
the heat of the summer sun
[00:00:14.952]or the oncoming winter cold are our homes.
[00:00:18.342]Keeping fall pests out can be a challenge,
but being prepared and properly treating
[00:00:22.858]infestations can make fall a much more
pleasant time for homeowners.
[00:00:26.858]The first type of invaders come in on the
ground and include crickets, cockroaches,
[00:00:31.374]centipedes, millipedes, ground
beetles, spiders and ants.
[00:00:35.889]These pests are attracted to the leaf
litter and debris found around the
[00:00:39.889]foundation of houses, as well as the shade
offered by surrounding landscape vegetation.
[00:00:45.429]From the foundation,
these ground invaders will then
[00:00:48.399]wiggle their way into homes
through any crack or crevice they can find.
[00:00:52.399]The second type of fall invaders enter
homes from the air and include:
[00:00:56.523]multi-colored Asian lady beetles, house flies,
cluster flies, yellow jackets, fruit flies,
[00:01:02.387]boxelder bugs, miller moths and mosquitoes.
[00:01:05.587]Many of these pests are also highly
attracted to outdoor lights, such as
[00:01:09.157]porch lights, and enter homes
when nearby doors are open.
[00:01:12.937]The exception is Fruit flies, that may
enter homes as eggs already laid
[00:01:16.937]in fresh produce, or they are attracted
to fruits and vegetables sitting inside.
[00:01:21.594]Fruit flies are small enough and
can fit through window screens.
[00:01:26.643]Thus it is important to keep all produce
in secure containers inside refrigerators
[00:01:30.943]and dumping compost buckets daily
will help prevent homes from becoming
[00:01:34.643]attractive destinations for fruit flies.
[00:01:38.055]The good news is most of these
invaders are simply seasonal nuisances.
[00:01:42.895]They pose little threat to human
health or damage to the home.
[00:01:46.895]There are several things you can do to
prevent these pests from invading your home.
[00:01:51.093]1. Secure points of entry, especially
under exterior doors and windows.
[00:01:56.503]Caulk and seal around utility
entrances, cracks in the foundation
[00:02:00.503]and gaps around fascia boards.
[00:02:02.710]Install screens over pipes and
closeable chimney caps.
[00:02:06.283]Install weather stripping under
and around doors and windows.
[00:02:09.903]Repair or replace damaged screens.
[00:02:12.372]Replace rubber seals along
bottom of garage doors.
[00:02:15.252]Keep doors closed when not in use.
[00:02:18.082]2. Change lighting around the exterior
to reduce attractiveness to pests.
[00:02:23.529]Switch bright incandescent
bulbs for yellow ones.
[00:02:26.629]Turn lights off at night, otherwise
put on a timer or install a motion sensor.
[00:02:32.254]3. Keep exterior of structure free of
debris, leaf litter, piles of organic
[00:02:36.644]matter, firewood, excessive vegetation
and clutter to minimize outdoor hiding places.
[00:02:43.664]4. Reduce moisture around buildings
by practicing sanitation techniques.
[00:02:49.060]Fix leaks, remove debris from gutters,
adjust rainwater runoff, change the
[00:02:53.780]grade, minimize condensation, increase
ventilation in crawlspaces or basements,
[00:03:00.700]minimize dark damp corners and
eliminate possible indoor retreats.
[00:03:04.976]And finally. Insecticide application
in the form of an outdoor perimeter
[00:03:09.254]treatment may be warranted for
major infestations of accidental invaders.
[00:03:13.826]Foundation sprays to keep ground
invaders out should be sprayed
[00:03:17.776]3 to 4 feet up the house walls and
3 to 5 feet out from the house.
[00:03:23.356]Make sure to read the directions
and follow the labels.
[00:03:27.482]There are some commercial
baits formulated for crickets.
[00:03:30.922]In the case of overwintering pests,
such as boxelder bugs and cluster flies,
[00:03:34.922]a residual treatment to the exterior may
be performed by a professional pest
[00:03:39.302]management company to keep them from
entering in the fall, but timing is the key.
[00:03:44.084]If you know you have overwintering
populations in wall voids or an attic,
[00:03:48.658]do not attempt to treat and kill
them while they are hibernating.
[00:03:52.588]Dead bodies will attract secondary
pests such as carpet beetles.
[00:03:56.748]If you do find yourself with one too many
uninvited house guests in your home,
[00:04:01.921]the simplest way to rid yourself of them is
to vacuum them up any that you see,
[00:04:06.701]discard the vacuum bag contents and follow
any preventative steps that we went through.
[00:04:12.584]For more serious problems,
indoor-use aerosol sprays are available.
[00:04:18.387]If the infestation is severe, it is always best
to hire a professional pest control operator.
[00:04:23.819]However, there is no need to call pest control
at the sight of a single cricket or centipede.
[00:04:31.740]Any questions regarding the
creepy crawlies in your home
[00:04:34.800]please contact the extension
office and we will help in identification.
[00:04:38.850]This has been Amy Timmerman
with Nebraska Extension.
Log in to post comments