Where did the meat go?
Often times when an animal is butchered, there are questions regarding where the lost weight went. This video explains the process and what happened to the “lost” weight using a pineapple as an example.
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[00:00:01.070]My name is Brianna Boozman,
[00:00:02.620]and I am the youth meet extension educator
[00:00:05.030]at University of Nebraska.
[00:00:07.380]When an animal is butchered it's often surprising
[00:00:10.120]how much weight is lost during the harvest process.
[00:00:13.490]For example, if you bring a 1400 pound steer
[00:00:16.850]to your local locker, you'll likely only get
[00:00:20.441]about 500 pounds of meat in return.
[00:00:22.600]And we get a lot of questions about where
[00:00:25.230]that product could have possibly gone.
[00:00:28.481]And so today I'm going to explain where that product went
[00:00:31.340]and how that occurs by using this pineapple as our example.
[00:00:36.280]And no, it's not as great as a steak or a roast
[00:00:39.000]but it will work for a good example today.
[00:00:42.087]When a beef animal is harvested, the head, hide, hooves,
[00:00:46.540]blood, viscera, or the internal organs are all removed.
[00:00:51.920]Similarly, when we first start to cut up a pineapple,
[00:00:56.170]we have to start by removing the top,
[00:00:59.190]the bottom, and the side portions.
[00:01:03.130]At this point during the harvest process of a market animal,
[00:01:08.563]we are left with our carcass, which contains meat
[00:01:12.610]or the muscle, bones, fat, and connective tissue.
[00:01:18.250]We get to that point with our pineapple.
[00:01:21.071]We are now left with the flesh or the fruit.
[00:01:23.930]These extra pieces that will need to be trimmed off
[00:01:27.530]as well as the core.
[00:01:31.200]Later, the carcass is fabricated or cut into retail cuts.
[00:01:35.930]And to do this, we can't immediately cut the full carcass
[00:01:39.750]into steaks and roasts.
[00:01:41.580]We have to start by first cutting that carcass
[00:01:45.863]into Primals or large sections.
[00:01:48.350]And this will then give us a good starting point
[00:01:51.910]to be able to cut those retail cuts at a future time.
[00:01:59.439]Similarly, with our pineapple, we can now cut the pineapple
[00:02:04.010]into our large portions.
[00:02:07.369]At this point, some of the excess bones
[00:02:09.560]or our core have been removed.
[00:02:13.968]Now that we have our big Primals or our large portions
[00:02:16.480]of the pineapple, we can then remove any excess trimmings
[00:02:21.570]that we need to and this is similar to what happens
[00:02:23.830]in the fabrication process for a beef carcass.
[00:02:29.443]So at that point, any excess fat
[00:02:31.911]or excess bone can be trimmed off and removed.
[00:02:36.391]In a pineapple we're going to remove any
[00:02:39.200]of these excess spots that would not be good to consume.
[00:02:54.340]Once the extra trimming has been done,
[00:02:56.620]we can now cut our retail cuts.
[00:03:00.187]For a beef carcass, these retail cuts are going
[00:03:02.865]to include things like your steaks and your roast,
[00:03:06.170]but they can also be further processed into things
[00:03:10.244]like hamburger or sausages
[00:03:12.750]or any other further process products that you may then see
[00:03:17.863]at the grocery store.
[00:03:19.150]So at this point, once all of the cutting has been done,
[00:03:23.464]in a beef animal you're going to be left
[00:03:25.524]with your boneless, closely trimmed retail cuts
[00:03:29.414]or your steaks, your roasts, the product
[00:03:32.364]that you can actually see at the grocery store.
[00:03:35.060]And with pineapple, we're now left with our edible fruit.
[00:03:41.660]It may seem like there's a lot
[00:03:43.170]of waste that goes into this process.
[00:03:46.509]You can see here on this cutting board, there's a lot
[00:03:49.520]of extra waste that we're not actually going to consume.
[00:03:52.742]And you may be wondering, where did all
[00:03:54.754]of that extra weight go that came
[00:03:57.745]from the animal when it was harvested?
[00:03:59.980]That weight is known as drop credit or off fall
[00:04:04.500]or some other terms as well in the industry
[00:04:07.220]and can be used for many different things.
[00:04:10.796]So none of the weight is actually lost.
[00:04:12.500]You may actually see it used
[00:04:15.105]in a lot of items that you have in your house.
[00:04:19.179]Anything from gummy bears, gummy worms, marshmallows, gum,
[00:04:23.020]jello, anything that contains gelatin is likely
[00:04:26.710]from the meat industry.
[00:04:29.820]Soaps or laundry detergent or laundry softeners
[00:04:35.764]also can contain animal fat to help
[00:04:37.230]with that softening process.
[00:04:40.075]Additionally, cosmetics have a lot
[00:04:41.570]of products that come from the animal industry.
[00:04:45.420]Of course, pet food
[00:04:46.650]we can see some of those byproducts go into
[00:04:51.841]as well as sporting equipment, medicines,
[00:04:54.330]all kinds of different items contain byproducts
[00:04:58.530]from the meat industry and so because of that,
[00:05:02.601]we really can use everything but the Moo.
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