GenTree: Using Decision Trees to Learn Interactions for Configurable Software

KimHao Nguyen Author
03/28/2021 Added
46 Plays


Preprint: Source code: Modern software systems are increasingly designed to be highly configurable, which increases flexibility but can make programs harder to develop, test, and analyze, e.g., how configuration options are set to reach certain locations, what characterizes the configuration space of an interesting or buggy program behavior? We introduce GenTree, a new dynamic analysis that automatically learns a program's interactions - logical formulae that describe how configuration option settings map to code coverage. GenTree uses an iterative refinement approach that runs the program under a small sample of configurations to obtain coverage data; uses a custom classifying algorithm on these data to build decision trees representing interaction candidates; and then analyzes the trees to generate new configurations to further refine the trees and interactions in the next iteration. Our experiments on 17 configurable systems spanning 4 languages show that GenTree efficiently finds precise interactions using a tiny fraction of the configuration space.

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