2021 Nebraska Cover Crop and Soil Health Conference - Chad Bell
Experiences and Economics Using Cereal Rye as a Cover Crop - Chad Bell, Farmer
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- [00:00:22.190]Our next speaker is a Chad
Bell. who's a farmer.
- [00:00:25.940]he's going to present some of his,
experiences that he's had.
- [00:00:30.110]Becca did a nice job of,
of introducing him. Now,
- [00:00:33.800]when I messed up and assigned him
the state of Iowa, which he
- [00:00:38.570]is not from. So Chad, I
apologize for that.
- [00:00:44.720]presentation today is experiences and
economics using cereal rye as a
- [00:00:49.490]cover crop in Chad, you
can go ahead and,
- [00:00:53.600]start sharing your screen whenever you
get ready. You may begin. Thank you.
- [00:01:05.870]Can anyone see my screen?
- [00:01:21.530]How does that look? Good,
Chad. Okay, thanks.
- [00:01:26.300]so my name is Chad bell. I'm a farmer
from Marsha County and Illinois.
- [00:01:31.130]So I'm quite a ways from, Nebraska,
- [00:01:35.210]but I feel that some of
my experiences are,
- [00:01:39.320]very relevant to, the
state of Nebraska and Iowa. So,
- [00:01:44.570]it's a little bit about my background.
- [00:01:52.880]34 years old had been farming
full time since 2013.
- [00:01:57.140]I do have a agronomy background,
- [00:02:00.080]graduating from Illinois
state university and,
- [00:02:03.650]working in ag retail for a
few years. And so I've been,
- [00:02:07.260]been home on the farm now for a few
years and farming corn, soybeans,
- [00:02:12.290]wheat, and hay,
- [00:02:13.700]and also have a 2,400 head
wean to finish hog building
- [00:02:19.370]then using cover crops since 2012.
- [00:02:23.600]So here's a map of,
- [00:02:30.140]where I'm at here in Illinois
and then in comparison to,
- [00:02:36.590]or a at, versus Nebraska.
- [00:02:38.900]So this picture on the right-hand
side is the plant hardiness
- [00:02:43.580]zone that I found on the
USDA website. So,
- [00:02:47.520]it looks like where I'm located versus
at least a good portion of the state of
- [00:02:53.660]is similar in minimum temperature
or cold temperatures. So,
- [00:02:59.230]I should have some pretty good
relevant information to share.
- [00:03:04.090]So a little bit about what
I'm going to talk about.
- [00:03:06.610]I'm going to have to go quick, cause I
do have, quite a bit of information,
- [00:03:10.420]but one of the talk about my
experiences using cereal rye,
- [00:03:14.320]and I just want to preface
that by saying,
- [00:03:18.460]if I use the term rye
that I'm also referring to
- [00:03:23.110]cereal rye, so, I'm
going to use those,
- [00:03:27.010]cereal rye and rye, interchangeably.
- [00:03:30.310]So just remember that
as I'm going through,
- [00:03:33.640]I'm also going to talk about my management
programs that I'm currently using.
- [00:03:39.040]Also some management tips, if you're
just looking to get started or want to,
- [00:03:44.080]try to do some
additional things with sir,
- [00:03:47.650]your eye and corn in your, in
your corn and soybean crops,
- [00:03:52.240]as well as,
- [00:03:53.500]talk about some economics of using cereal
ride for weed control and soybeans.
- [00:04:01.090]So I'll start with some good experiences
that I've had using rye and corn.
- [00:04:07.930]I learned early on that
rye was very good at,
- [00:04:11.830]slowing or stopping erosion.
- [00:04:15.580]mostly on soybean stubble is where the
biggest issue is that I have found.
- [00:04:22.210]and a lot of that has to do with the
late winter early spring rains that we
- [00:04:27.130]get, that could possibly
be on frozen ground.
- [00:04:32.260]most of you probably have experienced
a rain on frozen ground and
- [00:04:37.240]it's not pretty, and there's unfortunately
not a lot you can do about it.
- [00:04:42.940]at times also I noticed
improved soil tilts. So,
- [00:04:47.830]the planning environment
and a no-till situation,
- [00:04:52.150]if you can let the ride
get, some size to it,
- [00:04:55.240]it really does change the top soil
at the planning depth. And so it's,
- [00:05:00.240]it's something that's kinda
hard to describe without,
- [00:05:04.240]experiencing it for
yourself. And I've,
- [00:05:08.320]been able to,
- [00:05:10.090]limit my yield losses
with a cereal Ryan corn.
- [00:05:15.040]I know that's, that's a big concern
of a lot of people that,
- [00:05:19.240]either are just getting started or
haven't started using any cover crops
- [00:05:23.440]because, they hear about all the,
- [00:05:28.600]bad things that can happen. And,
- [00:05:31.210]and don't remember all the good
things that can also happen.
- [00:05:34.930]So I want to preface that with,
with proper management, you can,
- [00:05:38.980]you can achieve a little
or no yield loss at all.
- [00:05:45.130]some learning experiences,
- [00:05:48.200]that I've went through,
- [00:05:52.000]weather is a huge factor,
- [00:05:54.880]and you can see this
picture on the right.
- [00:05:59.270]it was a pretty rough spring around
here and coupled that with,
- [00:06:04.940]doubled up aerial application
area in a field with cereal rye,
- [00:06:09.920]that picture probably had maybe a hundred
pounds of rye in that specific area.
- [00:06:15.050]You can see in the foreground, the
corns really choked out and stunted,
- [00:06:19.010]but then in the background, like
horns much greener and more vigorous.
- [00:06:24.020]So where the rye rate was doubled up,
- [00:06:28.040]inadvertently really,
hampered the corn in that area.
- [00:06:33.500]And that was also coupled with a
wet and cloudy cold spring. So,
- [00:06:38.180]you put numerous issues together into one.
- [00:06:42.080]They can compound each other
and cause some, some issues,
- [00:06:47.570]termination timing,
- [00:06:48.890]I've experienced terminating
first thing in the spring,
- [00:06:53.180]all the way to after the corn is planted.
- [00:06:56.180]And a little bit of
everything in between,
- [00:06:59.330]recommendation of mine is don't terminate
the corn or don't terminate the rye
- [00:07:04.100]if, your corn isn't planted
yet. And it's approaching that,
- [00:07:08.780]foot tall stage and your forecast
doesn't look very conducive to getting
- [00:07:13.340]planted soon because you can,
you can terminate that rye.
- [00:07:17.450]And if for some reason,
- [00:07:18.860]the forecast keeps you out for
several weeks that rye can,
- [00:07:23.870]start to die down and fall over.
- [00:07:26.810]Especially if it's a taller height, can
shade the ground and prevent it from,
- [00:07:31.790]warming back up when the
sunshine finally returns and
- [00:07:36.980]the feeling of watching everyone else
plant around you while your soil is
- [00:07:41.720]still mud. not a great feeling.
I'd rather watch paint dry,
- [00:07:48.440]also have to watch for
army worms. So keep,
- [00:07:52.460]monitor moth flights, and I'm
sure the university of Nebraska,
- [00:07:57.320]follows that pretty closely.
- [00:08:01.010]So I haven't had a major
issues from that front.
- [00:08:05.600]I did spray a couple of
fields here, the spring,
- [00:08:09.110]just as a precaution.
- [00:08:12.890]So my current program
right now in corn,
- [00:08:16.460]I'm using a 15 inch planner
following the combine,
- [00:08:20.840]to seed cereal ride. I'm doing that,
- [00:08:24.740]on an angle to the rows and then I'm,
strip-tilling anhydrous in the fall.
- [00:08:30.560]And then coming back into the springtime
and planting corn on those strips.
- [00:08:35.870]And up until the spring,
my planner set up was,
- [00:08:41.210]heavy duty down pressure
Springs, some standard row cleaners.
- [00:08:45.170]And you had her spike closing
wheels with drag chains and that's,
- [00:08:49.610]that's in a strip till situation.
I, I used very similar setup,
- [00:08:54.320]prior to converting,
- [00:08:55.860]mainly to strip till and a no
till situation that I'm spraying
- [00:09:00.720]the pre-emerge and Roundup together,
- [00:09:05.100]when I'm planting green, at least,
- [00:09:08.340]and that's following the planner
pass and using a minimum of 40 units
- [00:09:13.320]of nitrogen as UAN. And then,
- [00:09:17.130]also adding five gallons of
ammonium thiol sulfate for a
- [00:09:22.050]boost, a sulfur, and,
- [00:09:25.410]running about 44 ounces of
Roundup. So a little contrary to,
- [00:09:30.000]what Rebecca mentioned as
far as a court rate of Roundup.
- [00:09:34.350]The reason I'm using the
higher rate is you can couple
- [00:09:38.910]Roundup with a fertilizer source like UAN,
- [00:09:42.270]and you can have some
antagonism. And so I've even,
- [00:09:45.990]I've even ran the 44 ounce
rate of Roundup and,
- [00:09:50.580]not had a hundred percent kill,
on the, on the ride, but it's been,
- [00:09:56.100]85%, 90% something that,
- [00:10:00.500]I'm still happy with is
just not a hundred percent.
- [00:10:04.140]And then I follow all of
those passes up with,
- [00:10:07.950]broadcast with a row Gator of 46
units of nitrogen is super you right
- [00:10:12.840]around that before timeframe
management tips for corn,
- [00:10:17.520]keep the seeding rate low,
- [00:10:19.500]unless you really have a problem
area for erosion. And then,
- [00:10:24.450]I would go higher than that,
but I see mainly 30 pounds.
- [00:10:29.640]and the earlier you can
get the rice established.
- [00:10:33.120]You don't need quite as much seeding rate
because that rye will tiller out,
- [00:10:37.710]given good, weather
- [00:10:41.760]if you're seeding in that
late October and November,
- [00:10:46.680]December timeframe, the higher the rate,
- [00:10:49.290]the better and consider a 15
inch rows over drilling or
- [00:10:56.610]a lot of people are using 15 inch
planters for soybeans. And so,
- [00:11:01.710]you have that equipment already sitting
in the shed, so you can easily,
- [00:11:06.240]well, hopefully easily, depending
on the planter Mac manufacturer,
- [00:11:09.210]convert that and use it to plant
cover crops terminating less
- [00:11:14.100]than eight inches or 12 inches as soon
as possible in the spring are planting
- [00:11:18.360]green. And like Rebecca mentioned.
- [00:11:22.080]And I also mentioned before that,
- [00:11:24.270]you can get by with 32 ounces around
up as long as you don't have a are not
- [00:11:29.070]running UAN with that pass,
- [00:11:32.900]applying a minimum of 40
pounds of nitrogen at planting,
- [00:11:37.860]with your pre-emerge
chemical or planner applied.
- [00:11:40.740]And that can be a starter
fertilizer combination of starter
- [00:11:45.360]fertilizer and furrow. and
you don't necessarily have to,
- [00:11:50.460]increase your total
nitrogen rate for the corn crop,
- [00:11:55.420]but it's important to reallocate,
- [00:11:58.420]a larger portion than maybe
what you're used to,
- [00:12:02.200]from either fall or side dress and
put it right there at the planning
- [00:12:07.780]do it more of a front-load
program at planning also
- [00:12:12.670]consider strip tiller bio strip till.
- [00:12:15.490]So this picture here on the
left is a strip till,
- [00:12:18.850]right after the planner pass,
- [00:12:22.030]actually after the first rain on
it, I believe. But, so it's,
- [00:12:26.440]you can see that strip is
completely clean of any,
- [00:12:31.240]soybean residue or mainly clean,
- [00:12:35.770]but it's definitely clean of the
cereal rice. So when that,
- [00:12:39.940]stripped toolbar, which is what
I'm just using a standard DMI,
- [00:12:44.260]anhydrous bar, when it goes through
that cereal rye in the fall,
- [00:12:49.060]it does clean that strip out. So,
- [00:12:52.660]so far I haven't had to worry about,
- [00:12:55.570]the cereal rye regrowing in that strip.
- [00:13:01.480]So just some management tips for corn to
sum it up a basic program would just be
- [00:13:06.340]a broadcasting or Ariel terminating it,
- [00:13:10.360]first thing in the spring,
- [00:13:11.680]and then no tilling your corn
and broadcasting some nitrogen at
- [00:13:16.450]planting. if you want to advance
it a little bit more than that,
- [00:13:21.370]a drill or use a planner post-harvest,
- [00:13:26.110]planting your corn green and then
terminate it right after planning
- [00:13:30.760]pre-emergence, you can strip till,
- [00:13:33.730]and then also outfit your planner
with liquid nitrogen and in
- [00:13:38.320]furrow, next steps in corn,
- [00:13:42.070]I'm considering a hydraulic actually I'm
beyond considering I do have a planner
- [00:13:46.750]now that's got hydraulic down force.
- [00:13:49.720]and that was just mainly to
ensure that I'm getting adequate
- [00:13:54.520]depth and consistent depth over the,
- [00:13:58.450]heavy duty down pressure
- [00:14:01.780]considering in furrow
starter on the planner.
- [00:14:05.590]I haven't quite made
that decision yet.
- [00:14:08.680]and then I'm starting to use
MESC for the sulfur and zinc.
- [00:14:12.340]That's a dry fertilizer
product. sulfur deficiency,
- [00:14:17.050]I think, is becoming a
bigger, bigger issue.
- [00:14:20.200]And so I'm looking to
transition away from using a
- [00:14:25.210]map or 1152 zero,
- [00:14:27.970]for the mez for that
reason and a hog maneuver.
- [00:14:32.650]So I mentioned I have a wean to
finish hog operation as well.
- [00:14:36.880]So in the background of that picture,
- [00:14:38.530]you can see the hog building and
right there in the middle is the split
- [00:14:43.030]between, hog manure, in 2020.
- [00:14:47.620]So in the background is my standard
program with the fall strip
- [00:14:52.460]till, pre-emerge
UAN and then side dress.
- [00:14:57.560]It hadn't been side dressed yet, but,
- [00:15:00.680]still had 140 units of nitrogen in the
- [00:15:06.260]And then the foreground had the
hog manure and then 40 units of
- [00:15:11.180]UAN planning. So you can see a pretty
big color difference there. And,
- [00:15:16.640]with the hog manure, it looks
like there was a tillage effect,
- [00:15:20.300]possibly running the
applicator through there,
- [00:15:24.590]as well as running the
strip till bar through that,
- [00:15:27.050]just to build a strip to plan into.
- [00:15:29.390]So there's probably a couple of
different factors influencing that,
- [00:15:33.740]and there was a yield
difference in the end,
- [00:15:35.990]but you can see early on
the corn in the background,
- [00:15:39.500]I don't know if it just looked that
bad or was that bad, or it just,
- [00:15:44.480]the manure ground just made it
look worse than it really was,
- [00:15:48.320]but still respectable yield. And,
- [00:15:52.160]compared to the hog manure,
- [00:15:55.280]apparently I'm undecided
on termination timing,
- [00:15:59.360]doing it a ASAP or,
- [00:16:04.610]continuing on green good
experiences and soybeans,
- [00:16:09.380]it's easier to manage than corn,
- [00:16:11.900]simplest way like Rebecca mentioned
to get started in cover crops.
- [00:16:15.770]don't need a big,
planner, fancy planner set up,
- [00:16:20.990]in termination timing I have found
is less critical in regards to,
- [00:16:25.310]soybean yield.
- [00:16:27.950]the more cover crop seed you put on,
- [00:16:30.770]the more height you let the rye get,
- [00:16:33.770]you can get more weed suppression
and water happens is the biggest weed
- [00:16:38.390]challenge we have in this area
and this particular field,
- [00:16:43.040]I turned in some samples,
do you have I in 2013?
- [00:16:46.940]And it was confirmed
Roundup resistant waterhemp.
- [00:16:50.070]So that was kind of an eye opening
experience. And so I've really focused on,
- [00:16:54.650]more residual or heavier
residual herbicide programs
- [00:17:00.290]coupled with the cereal
rise, weed suppression.
- [00:17:03.530]So owning a sprayer reduces
some of those timing issues,
- [00:17:07.550]learning experiences, aerial
application plus good weather,
- [00:17:12.560]warm weather and rainfall.
You can cause some,
- [00:17:17.600]issues with the ride getting
pretty big in the fall.
- [00:17:20.330]And this was a picture
from 2016, I believe,
- [00:17:25.400]and low on the rye off with the Draper
head and running that green stuff through
- [00:17:29.780]the machine. It wasn't a big issue,
- [00:17:31.250]but as soon as the Duke came on and
in the evening, it was a dead stop,
- [00:17:36.530]select max. So I'm gonna talk
a little bit later about,
- [00:17:40.400]using non GMOs or growing non GMO
soybeans now on a portion of my acres.
- [00:17:45.500]And so I had to,
- [00:17:47.510]use select max as a right
burned down the spring,
- [00:17:51.570]and I knew it was slow
obviously, but I didn't,
- [00:17:54.960]you don't realize how slow it is until
you're using it for the main burndown.
- [00:17:59.640]so like shaded the beans a
little bit, and they got,
- [00:18:03.750]spindly and lodged a little
bit, not too bad, but,
- [00:18:07.260]definitely not something that
I, was wanting to see.
- [00:18:11.220]And then some additional straw running
through can slow everything down to,
- [00:18:16.680]these two pictures are,
post application of the select max,
- [00:18:21.120]which I believe was right around the
1st of June, first pictures, June 8th.
- [00:18:25.470]So you can see it's driving by,
- [00:18:27.810]you wouldn't even know that
field had been sprayed yet.
- [00:18:30.780]June 28th on the right. Oh, you
can see it's pretty well,
- [00:18:35.070]browned up, but it's still standing.
That's a difference that I've noticed,
- [00:18:40.200]using Roundup is that it,
- [00:18:42.660]breaks down that rye pretty
fast and lets it go down
- [00:18:47.700]current program plant 15 inch rows.
- [00:18:50.460]Same as I had a corn I'm
spraying my residual early
- [00:18:54.870]spring and I'm just
making that a sacred pass,
- [00:18:58.200]planting green and then terminating
the rye, after planning.
- [00:19:03.060]And then I'm following that up with a
residual herbicide plus a little bit
- [00:19:07.590]around it for grass insurance.
- [00:19:11.100]And this is in my Roundup
- [00:19:15.210]and I've seen with the better
weed control from a combination
- [00:19:20.040]of the heavier, residual
program, coupled with,
- [00:19:24.750]using cereal rye. I really
have no need for,
- [00:19:28.860]the extend or enlist platform,
at least at this moment,
- [00:19:32.310]except for a couple of fields that we
have picked up in the last couple of years
- [00:19:36.690]that, didn't have our current
management program being applied. So,
- [00:19:41.760]we've had to use some of those,
- [00:19:45.540]programs on those particular
fields just to kind of get weeds
- [00:19:50.700]under control and kind
of start in our program.
- [00:19:54.060]Successful programs require hand polling
and spot spraying and your problem
- [00:19:58.500]And that's where I've seen the
biggest benefit and slowing weeds
- [00:20:03.360]down mainly waterhemp is keeping
the field edges and Ben's throws
- [00:20:07.980]clean. I think that's a big,
- [00:20:10.440]big key for me management tips,
- [00:20:15.150]sitting rates not as important,
- [00:20:16.800]but if you're using it for weed
suppression or weed control, the higher,
- [00:20:20.370]the better, spraying a good
residual ahead of planning is what I do.
- [00:20:25.110]And I think that's key
for, for any program.
- [00:20:30.120]And you can add the Roundup for simplicity
to terminate the ride at the same
- [00:20:34.710]especially if you're planting
beans and April or even may.
- [00:20:39.390]You can also, sprayer,
- [00:20:44.150]residual only and come back later
to maximize your cover crop.
- [00:20:47.320]If you're unhappy at that
moment with what it is,
- [00:20:51.670]narrow rows equals earlier, canopy
planting green, like I mentioned,
- [00:20:56.770]doesn't take anything real fancy,
just a standard, no till setup.
- [00:21:01.930]And then you can terminate it with
a quarter round up pretty easy,
- [00:21:06.820]basic management tips, broadcasting
and Ariel in the standing corn,
- [00:21:10.810]before you harvest,
- [00:21:12.340]then you can terminate in the spring
with your residual has one pass,
- [00:21:17.260]or if you want to do things
a little different,
- [00:21:20.680]to ensure a better stand you can drill
or planet after harvest and then,
- [00:21:25.060]spray the residual only first thing in
the spring and then terminate a post
- [00:21:28.900]emergence, after the beans are up,
- [00:21:31.990]which are not crop insurance approved
after remind people that,
- [00:21:36.490]with Roundup or,
- [00:21:38.440]Rebecca also mentioned a roller
crimper is a good option to next steps.
- [00:21:43.090]For me, I'm considering a
weed wiper attachment,
- [00:21:46.870]especially for, my non GMO's.
- [00:21:51.400]maybe it's a terrible idea. I haven't
really bounced it off too many people yet,
- [00:21:56.560]being able to use a weed wiper
to run Roundup in my non GMO
- [00:22:01.390]soybeans to terminate the cereal rye.
- [00:22:03.850]So terminating four or five,
- [00:22:06.820]six foot tall cereal rye with a
weed wiper when the beans are B2 or
- [00:22:11.680]B3. So, just a couple
inches tall at that point,
- [00:22:16.150]it would kill and melt down
the cereal rye much faster,
- [00:22:18.670]and hopefully it less
cost than using select max
- [00:22:24.670]next step, possibly roller
crimper as well as the,
- [00:22:28.990]weed wiper, but it requires
higher seeding rate.
- [00:22:33.040]And the units that I've seen at
least for brand new ones are pretty
- [00:22:37.690]expensive. and it would allow
for a better sunlight sooner.
- [00:22:42.010]And it's just a different
mode of action for,
- [00:22:46.450]stopping weeds, probably
better for the soil to
- [00:22:51.160]cover crops and wheat.
- [00:22:52.090]So I mentioned first thing that I do
grow a little bit of wheat,
- [00:22:56.680]just put in my second crop. So
I'm still figuring out how to,
- [00:23:01.900]how to manage wheat, but,
- [00:23:03.970]it really opens up your options for
pretty much any cover crop. So,
- [00:23:09.040]mid July is when we harvest a typical
wheat harvest timing around here
- [00:23:14.590]and that opens the window to
doing fall forages or any diverse
- [00:23:19.480]mixes. And it maximizes
- [00:23:23.260]and your investment by adding a
couple months of extra growth,
- [00:23:27.760]available growth time. This
picture was sorghum Sudan,
- [00:23:32.110]grass that I put in falling wheat,
- [00:23:34.630]for a neighbor to chop for his cattle.
- [00:23:37.930]So I guess it wasn't necessarily
a cover crop, but,
- [00:23:41.620]I grew fast and they chopped it.
- [00:23:43.390]And then we came back in behind it
with cereal arrive for a fall cover.
- [00:23:48.650]So hopefully I got enough time to get
through the cereal rise, weed control.
- [00:23:54.050]these are just some standard, a
standard program on the right with,
- [00:23:59.060]a standard program for me,
- [00:24:03.470]using cereal rye on the, on
the right. And those,
- [00:24:08.780]two costs down at the bottom application
costs are already figured into there.
- [00:24:12.920]So there's an $8 nacre difference
there between those two programs.
- [00:24:19.880]So, at least in Illinois,
- [00:24:23.810]they are offering here
the last two years,
- [00:24:27.500]a crop insurance discount for using
cover crops. And I don't know,
- [00:24:30.890]I'm not familiar if Nebraska has
any programs available yet through
- [00:24:35.570]RMA, but that is something that,
- [00:24:38.450]Illinois is had the advantage
of here, last year.
- [00:24:42.050]And then for this upcoming
year paying $5 an acre.
- [00:24:46.550]I saw a lot of my soybeans are Cargill
and they're starting to pay some money
- [00:24:50.750]for, cover crops.
- [00:24:52.640]So between those two different programs,
- [00:24:56.090]I've been able to gain
15 bucks an acre on,
- [00:24:59.990]on several acres of soybeans
by using cover crops.
- [00:25:04.040]And there's a lot of talk now
with new administration on,
- [00:25:08.180]potential carbon payment
programs. And so that's,
- [00:25:13.370]I guess we just have to stay
tuned on, on that with,
- [00:25:16.520]individual companies and, some others,
- [00:25:20.960]so that eight or $8 an acre difference
gets you a nutrient sequestration
- [00:25:24.980]water-holding capacity,
more biological activity.
- [00:25:28.550]And also some funny looks from
your neighbors and the retailer
- [00:25:33.740]that you work with.
- [00:25:36.860]Here's a non-GMO Bain
program versus the non GMO
- [00:25:41.750]program I used, this
past year with cereal rye.
- [00:25:47.000]So there's really no difference
in the end, with this program.
- [00:25:52.310]And so I'm just going to finish
up by, comparing,
- [00:25:56.900]the cheapest program,
- [00:25:58.280]which is just a standard run of the
mill Roundup ready program versus the
- [00:26:03.200]most expensive one of
non-GMO with cover crop.
- [00:26:06.890]So you can see the differences about
13 bucks, an acre and herbicide costs,
- [00:26:12.650]and assuming $11 90 cent fall
soybeans as of a couple of days ago,
- [00:26:17.540]we're off from that now,
but, you can see,
- [00:26:21.260]non-GMO is paying about a dollar
40 for premium in the area now,
- [00:26:25.820]and it's,
- [00:26:27.350]can give you 70 to $98
an acre depending on,
- [00:26:32.090]what you figure for a
yield goal or yield estimate.
- [00:26:36.950]So I'm just gonna use 60 bushel
per acre for the math,
- [00:26:41.600]$84, an extra premium going with non-GMO,
- [00:26:45.090]but you have $13, extra herbicide costs.
- [00:26:49.350]Your seed cost is $20 less,
at least in my case. So,
- [00:26:54.270]there's pretty good profit
potential with non-GMO.
- [00:26:57.990]if you have a market in your area. So,
- [00:27:01.470]coupling non GMO soybeans
with cover crops is,
- [00:27:05.330]looks like a pretty good situation,
at least at the moment. So you can,
- [00:27:10.260]you can afford to give up some yield,
- [00:27:12.990]with non-GMO to break even on profit.
- [00:27:16.980]that's just taking in consideration
your herbicide costs and your seed
- [00:27:21.840]savings costs. So with that,
I think I'm finished. So,
- [00:27:26.880]there's my contact information.
- [00:27:29.820]you're welcome to email me or call
me if you have any questions,
- [00:27:34.380]after this, or, want to talk
about anything. So with that, thanks.
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